Job (project) guarantee = basic income.

[vc_row][vc_column width=”1/6″][/vc_column][vc_column width=”2/3″][vc_column_text css=”.vc_custom_1519582191257{margin-bottom: 0px !important;}”]How our lives are organized and valued in the future, in a world where the role and meaning of work start to shift.


This article is about a system of unconditional income to every citizen. For the specific form financed on the profits of publicly owned enterprises, see social dividend. For social welfare based on means tests, see Guaranteed minimum income.
Not to be confused with living wage or minimum wage.

A basic income (also called basic income guarantee, citizen’s income, unconditional basic income, universal basic income (UBI), basic living stipend (BLS) or universal demogrant) is typically a form of social security or welfare regime, in which all citizens (or permanent residents) of a country receive a regular, liveable and unconditional sum of money, from the government. Payments does not require the recipient to work or look for work, and is independent of any other income.

The idea is being debated around the world and dates back at least to the late 18th century when English radical Thomas Spence and American revolutionary Thomas Paine both declared their support for a welfare system in which all citizens were guaranteed a certain income, by the state. In the 19th century and until the 1960s the debate on basic income was limited, but in the 1960s and 1970s the United States and Canada conducted several experiments with negative income taxation, a related welfare system. From the 1980s and onwards the debate in Europe took off more broadly and since then it has expanded to many countries around the world. A few countries have implemented large scale welfare systems that are related to basic income, such as the Permanent Fund in Alaska and Bolsa Família in Brasil. From 2008 and onwards there has also been several experiments with basic income and related systems. Especially in countries with an existing welfare state a part of the funding assumably comes from replacing the current welfare arrangements, or a part of it, such as different grants for unemployed people. Apart from that there are several ideas and proposals regarding the rest of the financing, as well as different ideas about the level and other aspects.

Prominent advocates of basic income include Elon Musk, Mark Zuckerberg, André Gorz, Ailsa McKay, Guy Standing, Karl Widerquist, Hillel Steiner, Peter Vallentyne and Philippe Van Parijs.


Working 4 hours a day?

Our relationship with work is ambiguous at best. It is a popular discussion topic, makes us proud, increases our competences and, not least, provides us with necessary income, but we also long for periods of non-work and would not mind working a bit less to enjoy life more.
Working fewer hours is understandably a central concern of the labour movement as it reflects exactly this paradoxical opinion about work and employment. By pleading for fewer hours, the labour movement aims to make work feasible and enable the working class to enjoy life but, at the same time, guarantee that all can enjoy the benefits of paid employment.
It reflects exactly what Alain De Botton calls the “pleasures and sorrows of work”.

Europe’s Poverty Time Bomb[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][vc_column width=”1/6″][/vc_column][/vc_row]

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